Monday, September 11, 2006

Mark 1:21-45 Sermon Notes

Once again, here are my sermon notes for those who are interested...

Jesus: Man of Authority.

Mark 1:21-45


1. Last week we looked at the opening verses of Mark’s gospel. The question that is at the heart of the first half of Mark is Who is Jesus?

2. This week we are going to see that Jesus is a man of authority.

a. Do you ever get bothered about confusing advice? Go into any bookshop these days and you will find a huge selection of books that tell you how to live a better life. Even on the shelves of the Christina bookshop you will find conflicting advice so how do you cope?

b. Spiritual problems?

c. Then there is the problem of sickness that seems to strike so often just when life was going so well. Even at times frustrates what we thought were God’s plans.

d. Sometimes do you ever get bothered by the sheer scale of problems. Just so many – too many

e. Then there are the serious problems. The ones that you can do nothing about where there are no human answers.

3. This morning we are going to follow a day in the life of Jesus

Sabbath morning 10am

It’s the Sabath day in Capernaum and the community gathers for worship. This morning will be an unusual service:

1. First, today they have a visiting Rabbi. And the congregation is surprised, its not what they normally get.

a. Look at verse 22. Such an important verse for the passage. The people are amazed, at his teaching because “he taught them as one who had authority, not as the teaches of the law.”

b. The whole of the passage we have read this morning has something to say about the authority of Jesus.

c. Jesus has unusual authority to teach. What was it that was so remarkable about the teaching that they heard from Jesus? Had that congregation become used to teaching that lacked spiritual authority. Teaching that was based on the opinions of men. That day there was a preacher in the pulpit whose message was not a collection of thoughts from other rabbi’s but was what God had to say to the world.

d. Actually it’s Jesus whose answers to life’s questions are authoritative. The shops may be full of books which are full of ideas, but it’s Jesus who has authority.

2. Secondly at some point in the service, there is a disturbance, and someone starts to cry out: “What do you want with us Jesus of Nazereth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are- the holy one of God.”

a. This man is afflicted by an evil spirit. We are told by the passage that he is possessed by an evil spirit. Propably should read “had an evil spirit” [The NT never actually describes someone as possessed by an evil spirit]

b. What the man shouts: This is a remarkable statement- No human being accurately understands who Jesus is until chapter 8, but the demons know who Jesus is.

c. Knowing the truth doesn’t make you Christian. There is a huge difference between knowing Jesus is the saviour and knowing that Jesus is your saviour.

3. Jesus has authority over evil spirits. Notice no technique, no ritual, no holy water, no cross, just a simple word of command and the man is released.

4. Jesus authority is remarkable. v27 This crowd is perhaps used to seeing people afflicted by demons. But not used to seeing people delivered.

Soon After 12pm on….

They leave the synagogue and go to the home of Simon and Andrew. There we find that the mother of Simon’s [Peter] mother in law is sick with a fever.

1. And they told Jesus about her.

2. Jesus authority over sickness. Jesus goes to her and takes her hand and helps her up. The implication is that she is returned to complete complaint.

3. Again notice the marked absence of technique. No complicated ritual, no show, in private, and not even any words. Jesus simply takes her hand and she is healed.

4. Isn’t there a tendency to look for the things that work. And isn’t there a temptation to begin trusting in the techniques. It’s Jesus who has the authority.

After Sunset 7pm….

And then the evening comes and the sun sets. And the crowds come and bring the sick and the demonised to Jesus. Why now. Because the Sabbath is over.

1. Ever felt overwhelmed? Ever felt that there was just too much to do? Too many needs to meet. Here is the good news Jesus authority extends even to this crowd and many are healed.

2. Jesus has authority over sickness and demons for many.

3. Eventually the ministry comes to an end for the day, and one suspects that very late they retire.

Very early 4am.

We read that very early in the morning Jesus goes to a solitary place to pray. Here is a Jesus who spends time alone with his Father. Is this where Jesus authority comes from?

1. Simon and friends come looking for Jesus fully expecting that the ministry of the previous evening would be resumed. “Everyone is looking for you”

2. But Jesus has authority over himself. Jesus knows that this is not why he has come. And so he tells the disciples. V38 [cf 1:14-15]

And so that’s what they do.

Sometime later…

We don’t know when, we just know that a man with leprosy comes to him. And begs with him. “If you are willing you can make me clean.”

The man’s confidence in Jesus authority, but lacks belief in his mercy.

The man has a terrible skin condition. It could have been the real thing Leprosy or Hansen’s disease or some other skin complaint that looked like it, but the effect was terrible.

The law required : LEV 13:45 "The person with such an infectious disease must wear torn clothes, let his hair be unkempt, cover the lower part of his face and cry out, `Unclean! Unclean!' 46 As long as he has the infection he remains unclean. He must live alone; he must live outside the camp” For the protection of the community.

  1. Jesus has authority over uncleanness.. Jesus reaches out his hand and touches the untouchable. This is an unnecessary act, of mercy. He did not need to touch the man to heal him. [remember Simon’s mother in law.]
  2. Jesus has merciful authority.


Why does Jesus command the man not to tell anyone.? [Irony that he tells everyone] For that matter why tell the demon to be silent? V25

Jesus popularity is linked with his miracles rather than his message.

Jesus miracles were wonderful demonstrations of his authority. But made no eternal lasting difference

Perhaps there are some today who are only interested In a Jesus who meets their earthly needs.

For the demonised man, for Simon’s mother in law, for the many for the leper. Miracles made things better, but it was Jesus message that changes things.

Jesus’ Miracles make a difference, his message makes all the difference.

Mark 1:1-21 Sermon Notes

Some have requested my notes for the series on Mark, so I'll post them here. I hav'nt prepared them for publication. You have been warned!

Introducing Jesus

  1. Comments on Mark 1-8
  2. Big Question: 'Who is Jesus'
  3. This morning:

    1. What Marks says
    2. What the Prophets said
    3. What John Said
    4. What the voice from heaven said
    5. What Jesus said

  1. We are at a slight disadvantage because we didn't get a Jewish education. This passages is full of references which people well versed in the OT would have recognized.

    ** nice to see you to see you....

What Mark says v1

  1. The gospel, the good news begins – The gospel is an announcement about what God has done in History in Jesus Christ the son of God.
  2. The news about Jesus is the gospel because of who Jesus is.
  3. A very specific statement. He is Jesus the Messiah, the Son of God.

What the prophets said. vs2-3

  1. A quote from Isaiah set up by a quote from Malachi.
    1. Mal 3:1
    2. Isaiah 40:3
  2. Why are these verses quoted here? Because they talk about one preparing the way and the passage s about to go on to talk about John the Baptist? I don't think so.
  3. They are here to draw attention to the one for whom the way is prepared. Who is that?
    1. The LORD. This is YWHW
    2. Both texts refer to The LORD
  4. John was the preparer of the way but the one whose way he prepared was God himself. This is what the verses are saying. God is coming.
  5. The announcement builds: He is Jesus, the messiah, the son of God, God himself who has come into our world.

What John said 4-8

  1. Who is this John anyway? V6 who is that? Now to a reasonably well read Jew, the penny would drop with that description. That's Elijah. He was one of Israel's greatest prophets and called people back to God.
  2. John has a remarkable ministry preaching a baptism for repentance of sin. God is at work get ready, clean yourselves up for God. Remarkably successful.
  3. Work of preparation helping people understand that they are sinners.
  4. John also has something remarkable to say about Jesus. His baptism is greater than my baptism. John baptized for repentance with water. Jesus is the Spirit baptizer.
  5. The next part of the announcement. The gospel is not say you are sorry and try harder. Anyone who has ever broken a new-years resolution knows how hopeless that would be.
  6. Jesus would do more than make people wet on the outside, he would baptize with the the Spirit and God would transform hearts from the inside.
  7. The announcement builds: He is Jesus, the messiah, the son of God, God himself who has come into our world, the Spirit baptizer who will ensure that God is with and in his people.

What the voice from heaven says. 9-13

  1. Jesus goes to John to be baptized. As this happens, the heaven's are torn [Oh that you would rend the heavens and come down] And the Spirit descends on Jesus like a dove and then there comes a voice from heaven.
  2. You are my son whom I love; with you I am well pleased.
  3. To the Jewish hearer, this is reminiscent of two OT passages describing two characters, two distinct identities:
    1. The messiah Psalm 2:7

i. To whom does God say 'You are my son' To his anointed one, to the king, to the messiah. You are the promised messiah king

ii. The servant Is 42:1 To whom does God say “with you I am well pleased”? To the suffering servant the one who will suffer. It was the Lord's will to crush him. Bearer of sin Wounded for our transgressions.

  1. The announcement builds again: He is Jesus, the messiah, the son of God, God himself who has come into our world, the Spirit baptizer who will ensure that God is with and in his people. He is tested and approved as Messiah King and he is the suffering servant who will lay down his life to satisfy the righteous wrath of God against sin.

What Jesus says 14-15

  1. Jesus says about himself “The time has come, the kingdom of heaven is near – or at hand.”
  2. Jesus tells people what they should do about it. “Repent and believe the good news.” God’s kingdom has broken into the world and indifference is foolishness.
    1. And Jesus calls
    2. Repent “Metanoia” to think again, to change your mind and believe the good news.
    3. And believe the announcement.

i. Believe that Jesus is God come into the world

ii. Believe that you need a spirit baptizer because your own efforts to please God are simply hopeless.

iii. Believe that you need to repent. You need to start over and in Jesus you have the opportunity to do that

Conclusion What this looks like 16-20

  1. Jesus’ invitation:
  2. V18 At oncel they left their nets – a complete change of life.
    1. A new master. Jesus is now their master.
    2. A new task. I will make you fishers of men. Good news must be shared.
    3. A new urgency “at once” There is an urgency in the message, and importance the demands attention and action.
    4. A new priority they left their nets and followed Jesus. The commercial value of what they left. Now Jesus came first.